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We consulted with psychologists and developed for you a step-by-step system for teaching your child the skills to determine the time by the clock. Agree – in the modern world, this skill is indispensable. You can start teaching your child from the age of four. Try to organize the “lessons” in a playful way so that the baby is not bored. Spend not a lot of time studying, but every day. 1. We propose to start with the study of time – it is the future, past and present. Tell your child that the past is connected to what has already been. The future is what will happen. The present is one moment, here and now. Give examples and ask the child to name the time in these examples. “You ate soup yesterday – what time is it?”; “You and your grandmother will go to the circus tonight – what time is it?” Don’t forget to praise your baby. 2. It is important for a child to learn such concepts as day, night, morning and evening. Tell him about his daily routine and explain how the day turns into evening, night and morning comes. Play the game: “I’m brushing my teeth – what time of day is this?” “I’m playing in the kindergarten with Katya – what time of day is this?” Do not forget to praise the child and postpone further classes for the next day. From time to time, until the next lesson, you can repeat games that will help him remember the times of day and the passage of time. 3. The third stage – tell the child what a week, month and year are. There are 7 days in a week, 4 weeks in a month, 12 months in a year. This knowledge will definitely be useful to the baby in the future. 4. Remove the clock with arrows from the wall. Show them what an hour, minute, second, half and quarter of an hour are. Explain that a clock is always hung on the wall so that everyone can tell the time from it. They can only be taken with adults. Play a game – let the child show how the hand goes half an hour, a second, a minute or an hour. 5. Be sure to tell in which direction the arrows “run”. Tell us about which arrow is responsible for what. You should start with the smallest hand – the hour. Then go to the minute and second, if it is on your watch. 6. You can tell your child how many hours are in a day, how many minutes are in one hour and seconds are in one minute. Give him time and opportunity to memorize these numbers. You can proceed to the next stages after a break for a night’s sleep ☺ 7. In this lesson, the child will learn from you what the dots and numbers that are drawn on the clock face mean. Each digit or number can have a different meaning, depending on which arrow points to it. Play the game “minutes-hours-seconds” with your child – ask him what the number is called if one or another arrow points to it. Be sure to praise your child for being smart. 8. Explain that the hour hand goes 2 full circles per day – that is why there are only 12 numbers on the dial, and not 24. The so-called first full turn of the hour hand is associated with daylight hours, and the second – with dark. Repeat everything that went before and take a break for the game and sleep. 9. Tell the baby how to call different times – first we look at what time it is now, and then – how many minutes have passed after it. It is not necessary to name seconds in ordinary life. Tell us about athletes who care how many seconds have passed. 10. In order for the child to finally master the material, it is necessary to play a big game with him. Parents show how the arrows are located, and the child answers what time it is. Attract granny and even a cat ☺ Give your child a watch and ask them to set the time you name. By following these steps, teaching time to your child will be an easy task and your child will learn an important skill without much difficulty.
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