Pregnancy, childbirth and the first months of the baby’s life are very important moments, the future health of the child and mother depends on how comfortably they pass. Modern industry produces many different products for pregnant women and newborn babies, which will help solve a wide variety of problems — from heaviness in the legs and spine during the process of carrying the fetus, to feeding and hygiene of the baby.
To help future parents understand the variety of products on the market and choose everything they need to care for their baby, this article discusses the following questions:
1. What kind of compression knitwear is needed before and after childbirth;
2. Why are breast pumps needed;
3. Which breast pump to choose;
4. Sterilizers for accessories;
5. Control of the baby’s weight;
6. What scales to choose;
7. Vitamins for the future mother and child;
8. Where to buy the necessary goods.
What kind of compression knitwear is needed before and after childbirth
Starting from the 2nd trimester of pregnancy, the weight load on the legs increases significantly, as a result of which there is heaviness in the legs, swelling, and in some cases, impaired blood circulation, the result of which is varicose veins. If a woman previously had problems with blood circulation in the lower extremities, the likelihood of varicose veins increases significantly. In order to avoid discomfort and disorders, doctors recommend from the 2nd trimester, and in particularly difficult cases — from the first weeks, to wear compression knitwear with anti-varicose properties.
This underwear provides the following actions:
— Activates blood circulation, tissue saturation with nutrients and oxygen;
— Prevents vein dilatation and thrombosis;
— Prevents fatigue and reduces puffiness.
Underwear is chosen according to 2 characteristics:
Type — knee highs, stockings or pantyhose. The type of compression product is chosen depending on the place where the veins exit the body surface:
• Golf shoes — from the ankle to the knee joint;
• Stockings — shin and lower thigh;
• Tights — shin, thigh, groin area.
Degree of compression:
— Prophylactic with compression up to 18 mmHg;
— I compression — 18–23 mmHg. with the appearance of “stars” or “vascular mesh”, heaviness and swelling until the end of the day;
— II compression — 24–33 mmHg. — with thrombophlebitis and venous insufficiency;
— III compression — 33–45 mmHg. with severe varicose veins with the formation of trophic ulcers;
— IV compression — more than 50 mmHg. with pathologies of lymph flow and swelling associated with it.
Why are breast pumps needed?
Special devices — breast pumps are designed to express milk and free the mammary glands from its excess. A breast pump is used in the following cases:
• To activate the lactation process in moments of crisis, when milk production decreases;
• To express excess milk in cases where the child does not eat well. Excess milk can be placed in a freezer bag and stored in the freezer. It is used to feed the baby;
• To dissolve formed stagnant phenomena and prevent mastitis;
• For expressing milk, when the baby cannot be put to the breast, for example, during the mother’s illness.
Which breast pump to choose
There are types of biologically active supplements:
— Mechanical (manual), consisting of two syringes — one moves inside, the other is applied to the nipple. As a result, a vacuum is created in the space between the walls of the breast pump and the breast, milk is sucked in and collected in the bottle;
— Electric, which differs from mechanical in that all processes occur automatically, which facilitates the pumping process and allows you to adjust the breast pump according to the characteristics of the woman.
For the elimination of complex stagnation, the best option would be an electric device that will work as long as it is necessary to eliminate the stagnation process. A mechanical breast pump will be needed in less complicated cases. The choice depends on the complexity of the problem, user preferences and the price of the issue.
Sterilizers for accessories
Special devices — sterilizers are used to process various cutlery, nipples, pacifiers, and teethers that can withstand temperatures up to 100 °C.
Types of sterilizers:
— Steam sterilizer for microwave oven. It consists of a hermetically sealed container into which water is poured and accessories are placed, which must become the subject of processing. On the maximum mode, the dishes are kept in the oven for 2–10 minutes. This sterilizer is not suitable for processing metal cutlery;
— Electric, consisting of a container for water and a container for dishes. After pouring water and placing the objects to be sterilized, the device is connected to the electrical network. Processing time is 5–15 minutes. Provided that the sterilizer is not opened, sterility is maintained for 3–6 hours;
— Ultraviolet devices, where processing takes place under the influence of UV radiation.
Heaters for food
The food heater is a container into which water is poured, a bottle is inserted and the device is connected to the power grid. Usually there is a mode regulator, which is set to maximum for heating food after the refrigerator, and to minimum or medium heating — to maintain the stability of food temperature for a certain period of time.
There are universal models — sterilizers-heaters, sterilizers-steamers.
Baby’s weight control
In the first months of life, it is necessary to constantly monitor the baby’s weight in order to determine whether the diet is selected correctly, whether the child consumes enough food and does not overeat. To quickly and comfortably measure the baby’s weight, it is necessary to purchase children’s scales. They differ from ordinary household scales by the presence of a special bowl where the baby is placed, and by the minimum value of the division price so that the smallest changes in weight can be tracked. Modern models are arranged in such a way that after removing the bowl, they can be used as a regular household floor model.
What weights to choose
— A mechanical model that works due to different spring tension. To fix the weight, a bar with a scale applied to it, along which the balancing weights move, is intended. The error of mechanical scales can reach 10 g, which is quite a lot, considering the small weight of the baby. The advantage of these scales is their durability and ease of use;
— Electronic scales that work from power cells. To get the result, just put the child on the scale and read the result on the digital display. The error does not exceed 1–2 grams.
Vitamins for the future mother and child
For the proper intrauterine development of the child and protection of the female body from exhaustion, the expectant mother should take vitamins specially adapted to the needs of each trimester of pregnancy. Ordinary vitamins will not do — they fill the usual daily need, and for a woman in position, a special balanced composition of micro‑, macro-elements and vitamins is necessary.
• Folic acid for active cell division, formation and development of the placenta, correct transmission of information at the genetic level and hemoglobin synthesis;
• Vitamin A — for proper cell division, formation of bone tissue, organs of vision and nervous system;
• Vitamin E — facilitates conception and prevents premature termination of pregnancy in the first days;
• Iodine for the correct formation of the skeleton and the development of brain cells;
• Calcium to support the bone skeleton of the mother and the normal formation of bone tissue of the fetus;
• Iron for the prevention of anemia, for the active synthesis of protein necessary for the normal contractile function of muscle tissue, maintaining the stability of the tone of the uterus;
• Vitamin D for the formation of the child’s skeleton and prevention of rickets.
These and other vitamins and trace elements are available in special balanced formulations for expectant mothers.
Where to buy
Baby weights, bottles of different volumes, sterilizers, breast pumps, other accessories for newborns, as well as special compression underwear and bandage products for pregnant women, vitamins and dietary supplements for mothers and newborns can be selected and bought on the website med-magazin.com.ua or in retail points of the network.