Babies begin to perceive information from the first weeks of their birth, this happens even in the process of sleeping or eating. They perceive everything through voices and images — from their mother’s lullaby and the intonations of others to the first tactile sensations and visual perception of the surroundings.
For children, a game is entertainment, and useful activities are learning about the world through perception by the senses. If you combine a developmental activity for children with a game, the process of becoming a small personality goes faster.
When and where to start?
Ideas for development literally surround us in everyday life. Using them, you can provide kids with the opportunity to master useful skills from early childhood until they enter school.
For schoolchildren, study is a daily work, the same “work” as that of their parents. Developing classes for preschool children help develop skills and acquire knowledge, without which schooling becomes an unbearable burden.
Their goal is to instill an understanding that learning can be interesting, to bring a sense of satisfaction with the process itself. Especially if you study in a beautiful environment, for example, this: https://store-bs.ru/catalog/shkolnye-fartuki-dlya-truda-dlya-devochek/.
There are three useful rules for communication in a family of adults with children. An important condition for their use is constancy.
Knowledge through play
This is a good option to show a small person that there are a lot of new things, knowledge, and skills around. They are important for every person, help him to cope with everyday affairs.
Development activities are selected based on their impact on the required skills. The smallest develop motor skills, master speech, develop perseverance, train mindfulness. Older children learn initial counting, reading and writing skills, the basics of behavior and interaction with other people. Gradually, they develop imagination and creativity, develop a way of thinking and the ability to fully express thoughts through speech.
When participating in games, children sometimes do not even realize that they are being taught. This approach is used by specialized children’s development centers, it also works effectively at home. It is worth starting to work with your baby at home, regardless of whether you plan to visit a kindergarten or not.
Fantasy as an element of play space
A small person has a different worldview than adults. This must be taken into account when choosing educational games and activities. It is important for children to feel in their environment, and parents should imagine themselves in the place of the child. Then the baby will become more open to the knowledge gained.
A good effect is provided by classes of a complex nature, when the mother alternately offers the child tasks to develop different skills. Toys, educational material, manuals, notebooks, as well as audio and video content online help with this. In this way, you can create a personal program for your child, taking into account his personality.
Honesty as a rule of communication
Sincerity and control of emotions is an important component of classes with a child. If there is no desire to play with the baby, he will feel it on an intuitive level. But it is not his fault that the adult is in a bad mood or that he is tired. Therefore, the genuine interest of the parent and his active emotional participation is the key to a successful game and positive emotions of a small person.
Success in adulthood is rooted in childhood. It is important not to miss the moment when a small sprout of a happy life gains strength and turns into a strong, healthy tree with a powerful trunk, a beautiful crown and bright fruits.
Types of child development
Taking into account the focus on the target orientation, educational activities for children are divided into:
cognitive (obtaining knowledge about the world around with the help of the senses, tactile touches (“warm-cold”), sensory study of the shape of objects and their relationships);
logical (elementary mathematics, checkers, loto, dominoes, chess);
physical (outdoor games, cleaning toys “in place”, rhythm, physical education);
speech (reading in a voice, learning poems and tongue twisters);
- social (communication skills with peers and adults, expressing one’s opinion, participating in the discussion of common family affairs);
household (feasible help around the house, folding your things);
development of fine motor skills (designing, folding puzzles, creating applications and crafts from improvised materials of different textures);
creative (drawing, musical accompaniment, puppet theater).
The type, content and design of educational games are determined in accordance with the age and interests of the participants.
Learning by playing
Some games can be used for children of different ages, choosing the right materials and objects. For children, such developmental activities benefit from the development of several skills at once. And a busy mother has the opportunity to be calm — and she goes about her business, and “the child is in front of her business.”
Paper is a safe, environmentally friendly material that even the smallest play with. They try it to the touch, crumple, tear, studying such a “toy”. Growing up, young explorers use it to roll balls and fold figures.
2. Help in the kitchen
Children are offered to pick up lids for pots according to the size, line up cups “by height”, play a melody on spoons. Older helpers are given a toy knife to cut lettuce or fruit.
3. Operation Moydodyr
It is required to transfer water from one container to another, helping yourself with a kitchen sponge or towel. It teaches patience, concentration, accuracy. Dishes can be of different sizes and volumes. Then in one of the containers you can wash children’s cups or launch a paper boat into it.
4. Treasure hunt
Place small, non-sharp objects (large buttons, Lego parts, small toys) in a bowl of water, invite the player to take them out with a spoon and tell about the “treasure” found. In this exercise, not only fine motor skills are developed, but objects and their properties (color, shape, state, behavior in water) are also studied.
In such games, one should not forget to communicate with small participants, encourage them to talk about their actions and findings, ask questions and receive answers. At any age, attention to the success of children, the use of encouragement for their achievements has a positive effect on development, helps to gain useful experience and use it in the future.