Babies begin to per­ceive infor­ma­tion from the first weeks of their birth, this hap­pens even in the process of sleep­ing or eat­ing. They per­ceive every­thing through voic­es and images — from their moth­er’s lul­la­by and the into­na­tions of oth­ers to the first tac­tile sen­sa­tions and visu­al per­cep­tion of the sur­round­ings.

For chil­dren, a game is enter­tain­ment, and use­ful activ­i­ties are learn­ing about the world through per­cep­tion by the sens­es. If you com­bine a devel­op­men­tal activ­i­ty for chil­dren with a game, the process of becom­ing a small per­son­al­i­ty goes faster.


When and where to start?

Ideas for devel­op­ment lit­er­al­ly sur­round us in every­day life. Using them, you can pro­vide kids with the oppor­tu­ni­ty to mas­ter use­ful skills from ear­ly child­hood until they enter school.

For school­child­ren, study is a dai­ly work, the same “work” as that of their par­ents. Devel­op­ing class­es for preschool chil­dren help devel­op skills and acquire knowl­edge, with­out which school­ing becomes an unbear­able bur­den.

Their goal is to instill an under­stand­ing that learn­ing can be inter­est­ing, to bring a sense of sat­is­fac­tion with the process itself. Espe­cial­ly if you study in a beau­ti­ful envi­ron­ment, for exam­ple, this: https://store-bs.ru/catalog/shkolnye-fartuki-dlya-truda-dlya-devochek/.

There are three use­ful rules for com­mu­ni­ca­tion in a fam­i­ly of adults with chil­dren. An impor­tant con­di­tion for their use is con­stan­cy.

Knowledge through play


This is a good option to show a small per­son that there are a lot of new things, knowl­edge, and skills around. They are impor­tant for every per­son, help him to cope with every­day affairs.

Devel­op­ment activ­i­ties are select­ed based on their impact on the required skills. The small­est devel­op motor skills, mas­ter speech, devel­op per­se­ver­ance, train mind­ful­ness. Old­er chil­dren learn ini­tial count­ing, read­ing and writ­ing skills, the basics of behav­ior and inter­ac­tion with oth­er peo­ple. Grad­u­al­ly, they devel­op imag­i­na­tion and cre­ativ­i­ty, devel­op a way of think­ing and the abil­i­ty to ful­ly express thoughts through speech.

When par­tic­i­pat­ing in games, chil­dren some­times do not even real­ize that they are being taught. This approach is used by spe­cial­ized chil­dren’s devel­op­ment cen­ters, it also works effec­tive­ly at home. It is worth start­ing to work with your baby at home, regard­less of whether you plan to vis­it a kinder­garten or not.

Fantasy as an element of play space


A small per­son has a dif­fer­ent world­view than adults. This must be tak­en into account when choos­ing edu­ca­tion­al games and activ­i­ties. It is impor­tant for chil­dren to feel in their envi­ron­ment, and par­ents should imag­ine them­selves in the place of the child. Then the baby will become more open to the knowl­edge gained.

A good effect is pro­vid­ed by class­es of a com­plex nature, when the moth­er alter­nate­ly offers the child tasks to devel­op dif­fer­ent skills. Toys, edu­ca­tion­al mate­r­i­al, man­u­als, note­books, as well as audio and video con­tent online help with this. In this way, you can cre­ate a per­son­al pro­gram for your child, tak­ing into account his per­son­al­i­ty.

Honesty as a rule of communication


Sin­cer­i­ty and con­trol of emo­tions is an impor­tant com­po­nent of class­es with a child. If there is no desire to play with the baby, he will feel it on an intu­itive lev­el. But it is not his fault that the adult is in a bad mood or that he is tired. There­fore, the gen­uine inter­est of the par­ent and his active emo­tion­al par­tic­i­pa­tion is the key to a suc­cess­ful game and pos­i­tive emo­tions of a small per­son.

Suc­cess in adult­hood is root­ed in child­hood. It is impor­tant not to miss the moment when a small sprout of a hap­py life gains strength and turns into a strong, healthy tree with a pow­er­ful trunk, a beau­ti­ful crown and bright fruits.

Types of child development

Tak­ing into account the focus on the tar­get ori­en­ta­tion, edu­ca­tion­al activ­i­ties for chil­dren are divid­ed into:

  • cog­ni­tive (obtain­ing knowl­edge about the world around with the help of the sens­es, tac­tile touch­es (“warm-cold”), sen­so­ry study of the shape of objects and their rela­tion­ships);

  • log­i­cal (ele­men­tary math­e­mat­ics, check­ers, loto, domi­noes, chess);

  • phys­i­cal (out­door games, clean­ing toys “in place”, rhythm, phys­i­cal edu­ca­tion);

  • speech (read­ing in a voice, learn­ing poems and tongue twisters);

  • - social (com­mu­ni­ca­tion skills with peers and adults, express­ing one’s opin­ion, par­tic­i­pat­ing in the dis­cus­sion of com­mon fam­i­ly affairs);

  • house­hold (fea­si­ble help around the house, fold­ing your things);

  • devel­op­ment of fine motor skills (design­ing, fold­ing puz­zles, cre­at­ing appli­ca­tions and crafts from impro­vised mate­ri­als of dif­fer­ent tex­tures);

  • cre­ative (draw­ing, musi­cal accom­pa­ni­ment, pup­pet the­ater).

The type, con­tent and design of edu­ca­tion­al games are deter­mined in accor­dance with the age and inter­ests of the par­tic­i­pants.

Learning by playing

Some games can be used for chil­dren of dif­fer­ent ages, choos­ing the right mate­ri­als and objects. For chil­dren, such devel­op­men­tal activ­i­ties ben­e­fit from the devel­op­ment of sev­er­al skills at once. And a busy moth­er has the oppor­tu­ni­ty to be calm — and she goes about her busi­ness, and “the child is in front of her busi­ness.”

1. Origami

Paper is a safe, envi­ron­men­tal­ly friend­ly mate­r­i­al that even the small­est play with. They try it to the touch, crum­ple, tear, study­ing such a “toy”. Grow­ing up, young explor­ers use it to roll balls and fold fig­ures.

2. Help in the kitchen


Chil­dren are offered to pick up lids for pots accord­ing to the size, line up cups “by height”, play a melody on spoons. Old­er helpers are giv­en a toy knife to cut let­tuce or fruit.

3. Operation Moydodyr

It is required to trans­fer water from one con­tain­er to anoth­er, help­ing your­self with a kitchen sponge or tow­el. It teach­es patience, con­cen­tra­tion, accu­ra­cy. Dish­es can be of dif­fer­ent sizes and vol­umes. Then in one of the con­tain­ers you can wash chil­dren’s cups or launch a paper boat into it.

4. Treasure hunt

Place small, non-sharp objects (large but­tons, Lego parts, small toys) in a bowl of water, invite the play­er to take them out with a spoon and tell about the “trea­sure” found. In this exer­cise, not only fine motor skills are devel­oped, but objects and their prop­er­ties (col­or, shape, state, behav­ior in water) are also stud­ied.

In such games, one should not for­get to com­mu­ni­cate with small par­tic­i­pants, encour­age them to talk about their actions and find­ings, ask ques­tions and receive answers. At any age, atten­tion to the suc­cess of chil­dren, the use of encour­age­ment for their achieve­ments has a pos­i­tive effect on devel­op­ment, helps to gain use­ful expe­ri­ence and use it in the future.


By Yara