Pancreatitis is a common pancreatic disease that is difficult to diagnose at home. That is why it is important to know the symptoms of the disease and conduct a qualified examination in time.
The body of a child is much more active than that of an adult, which means that it reacts much more sharply to external influences of various kinds. In this regard, all allergic and infectious diseases will certainly affect the work of the pancreas. An unbalanced, unhealthy diet also undermines the health of children, because almost every child simply loves carbonated drinks, smoked foods, chips and fast food. Unlike adults in children, such food stimulates excessive secretion of gastric juice, which negatively affects the pancreas and often causes chronic pancreatitis.
Pancreatitis and its types
Pancreatitis is an inflammatory disease of the pancreas that affects both adults and children. The cause of the disease, in addition to allergic reactions, infections and malnutrition, may be some drugs prescribed by a pediatrician. For example, strong antibiotics used by children may well be the cause of the development of reactive drug-induced pancreatitis.
Doctors distinguish three main types of pancreatitis:
It occurs quite often in children — in a young organism, almost all infectious processes give a complication to the pancreas, which, moreover, during periods of illness is subjected to a load from drugs and antibiotics.
It is much less common in childhood. As a rule, it is caused by malnutrition, as a result of which the normal tissue of the pancreas is replaced by inactive tissue. In chronic pancreatitis, complications are possible, during which the pancreas becomes inflamed, which causes severe pain.
It is rare in children. It is usually the result of swelling of the pancreas caused by a severe allergic reaction to some external allergen or medication. With improper treatment, complications can occur, up to purulent-necrotic pancreatitis.
Most often, if you do not take into account exacerbations, pancreatitis in children is practically not manifested in any way. However, some symptoms are still worth paying attention to, while it must be remembered that the younger the child, the less noticeable are the symptoms of pancreatitis. Among the main symptoms are:
- Pain in the abdomen — the child complains of pain in the abdomen, which partially radiates to the back. Typically, such pain can occur when a diet is violated or after a fall during a game.
- Decreased appetite, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea are most often seen individually, but in rare cases, all symptoms may appear at once.
- Dry mouth, the appearance of a white coating on the tongue and an allergic rash on the skin.
- Fatigue, tearfulness, drowsiness — a change in the child’s mood can also be associated with pancreatic problems and can serve as the first signal for further observations.
If a child develops abdominal pain or several of the above symptoms, you should immediately contact a pediatrician and undergo an examination.
Examination and diagnosis includes two mandatory procedures:
- biochemical blood test — allows you to detect an increase in the level of digestive enzymes;
- Ultrasound of the abdominal cavity — allows you to determine the degree of enlargement of the pancreas and identify the size of the edema.
When the diagnosis of “pancreatitis” is confirmed, the child is immediately hospitalized, however, the treatment itself is carried out without surgical intervention. Typically, children with pancreatitis are treated with special diets and topical management of symptoms such as vomiting, pain, rash, etc.
Prevention of pancreatitis consists in observing the daily routine and proper, balanced nutrition of the child. It is also worth trying to avoid acute infectious diseases, and in case of illness, correctly apply the medicines prescribed by the doctor.
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