In most of our country, summer and sun have to wait for six months. Therefore, on the very first sunny days, I want to rush out into the street and directly swim in the sun. Yes, and in the summer you don’t want to waste a minute, but warm up, sunbathe and get vitamin D. Of course, everyone needs the sun as a source of vitamin D, including babies, but the risk that a child’s skin is exposed to in direct sunlight is too great to neglect safety rules.
Direct sunlight causes sunburn on delicate children’s skin, greatly increases the risk of changing moles, leads to age spots and other unpleasant consequences.
Why is this happening? Ultraviolet is the source of the negative effects of the sun, or rather UVA and UVB rays. They affect the skin in different ways. UVA rays cause premature aging and neoplasms on the skin, UVB is the main cause of burns.
The skin’s natural defense against ultraviolet radiation is melatonin. It absorbs some of the rays and reduces skin damage. In children, such protection begins to function well only by the age of 6. Children’s sunscreen is specially formulated to protect the delicate skin of children. It prevents the harmful effects of UVA and UVB rays, but does not interfere with the synthesis of vitamin D.
What to look for when choosing
In order not to make a mistake with the choice of children’s sunscreen, you need to pay attention to: the level of SPF protection, the filters used in the cream, age recommendations and water resistance. Now more about each of the points.
SPF is an internationally accepted system for measuring the degree of protection of the skin from ultraviolet radiation. The higher the SPF value, the higher the protection. For example, SPF 50 blocks 99% of harmful radiation, SPF 10 already blocks 90%.
What level of SPF to choose for a child, we will describe below, while it is important to remember the following:
- Even creams with an SPF 50 protection factor need to be regularly updated — reapplied. An increased SPF indicates stronger protection, but not a longer one. We renew the cream every two hours, if the child bathes or sweats a lot — more often.
- Sunscreen is not toothpaste, one pea is not enough for the whole body. Apply the cream liberally, too thin a layer will not be able to protect the skin.
- Any sunscreen must be applied to the skin at least 15 minutes before sun exposure.
Filters physical and organic. Filters in sunscreens are divided into physical and organic. Physical filters, they are also called mineral or inorganic, basically contain titanium dioxide and work as a screen — they reflect solar radiation. Creams based on them are denser, leave a whitish mark and are more difficult to distribute over the skin. They are great for sensitive and baby skin.
Chemical filters, another name — organic, absorb solar radiation. Their active ingredients are avobenzene, octocrylene and others. Chemical filters leave no residue, are easier to apply and absorb faster.
The combination of physical and chemical filters in sunscreen gives the maximum effect. They enhance each other’s actions, and hence the protective properties of the cream.
There is an opinion that the components of sunscreens can be absorbed into the skin of babies and adversely affect it. However, there are no studies that would confirm side effects. But sunburn, skin aging and the risk of developing diseases as a result of exposure to the sun on unprotected skin are proven. Children’s sunscreen is not just a necessary thing, but a must.
Age. All children’s cosmetics, including sunscreen, are developed taking into account the characteristics of children’s skin. That’s why:
- Up to 3 months no sunscreen.
- Use sunscreen according to the age label. Some creams are recommended to be used from three months, some — from a year. Pay attention to it.
- Children should not use adult sunscreen.
Water resistance. The most understandable, but at the same time a very necessary point. Sunscreen for children should be waterproof. Playing in the water, constant movement and excessive sweating reduce and even negate the protection of non-waterproof creams. Make sure the packaging is labeled accordingly.
Sunscreen “My sun” meets all of the above parameters:
- The whole series is designed taking into account the characteristics of children’s skin.
- Provides long lasting protection against UVA and UVB rays thanks to a combination of physical and organic filters.
- Recommended for use from 3 months: “My sun” SPF 20 and “My sun” SPF 30; and from the year: “My sun” SPF 50.
- Waterproof: baby can swim and play in the water.
Which SPF level to choose
When choosing a children’s sunscreen, or rather, the SPF level, it is necessary to take into account the phototype of the child.
If you have a small blonde with fair skin and blue eyes, then the risk of sunburn is extremely high. The child is not recommended to be in the open sun, and for staying in the shade it is necessary to use the maximum degree of protection. Your choice is children’s sunscreen SPF 50. Only it completely blocks solar radiation.
If the owner of light brown hair and gray eyes is growing up in you, then the risk of sunburn is especially high in the first days of exposure to the sun. Therefore, at the beginning of the rest, use a cream with maximum protection, and after a couple of days it can be lowered. Your choice is children’s sunscreen SPF 50 for the first days and SPF 30 for the next. Such a combination will not let you burn in the first days and will well protect children’s skin already accustomed to the sun.
It is more difficult for swarthy brown-eyed brunettes to burn, but their skin also needs to be well taken care of. In the first days of rest, use a cream with an average level of protection, and after the appearance of a tan — even with a low one (by children’s standards). Your choice of children’s sunscreen SPF30 for the first days of rest and SPF 20 for the next. This combination perfectly protects children’s skin and is suitable for naturally tanned and dark-skinned babies.
Take a closer look at the children’s sunscreen line “My sun”. It contains creams of three levels of protection, it meets all safety requirements and is suitable for babies from three months.
We determine the phototype of the child, do not forget about our own, select creams with the right level of SPF protection and wish ourselves a safe holiday in the sun!