Spe­cial­ists Amer­i­can Acad­e­my of Der­ma­tol­ogy (AAD) It is believed that the loss of 50 to 100 hairs per day is con­sid­ered a phys­i­o­log­i­cal norm. But if there are large loss­es on a comb, fash­ion­able head­dress or in oth­er places, it’s time to see a doc­tor and talk about the caus­es of the phe­nom­e­non.

Why Teenage Hair Falls Out

Despite such a young age, there are plen­ty of rea­sons for hair loss in boys and girls. For­tu­nate­ly, some of them are easy to elim­i­nate if you change your lifestyle.

1. Wrong diet

Para­dox­i­cal­ly, this rea­son is one of the main ones. Skip­ping meals, overeat­ing high-calo­rie but nutri­ent-poor foods, and a lack of impor­tant nutri­ents cause hair roots to become weak and hair to fall out. Eat­ing dis­or­ders are not uncom­mon among teenagers, which also lead to hair loss.

2. Ringworm of the scalp

2. Ringworm of the scalp

This is a fun­gal infec­tion on the scalp that can cause uneven hair loss if left untreat­ed.

3. Alopecia areata

Cas­es of focal alope­cia are also found among ado­les­cents. Researchers have cal­cu­lat­ed that about 20% of peo­ple diag­nosed with this dis­ease are younger than 16 years old.

With alope­cia area­ta, hair falls out quick­ly and uneven­ly.

Did you know?

The den­si­ty of hair is dif­fer­ent in every part of the human body. It depends on gen­der, age, belong­ing to a par­tic­u­lar race.

4. Diseases

Hair loss can con­tribute to chron­ic dis­eases — dia­betes, thy­roid dis­ease, poly­cys­tic ovary syn­drome, lupus. But accord­ing to the der­ma­tol­o­gist Rekha Singh, they are not com­mon among teenagers.

5. Trichotillomania

This is a rare psy­cho­log­i­cal con­di­tion in which a per­son has an irre­sistible desire to pull out a hair. After many attempts at pulling out, bald patch­es appear on the scalp. Tri­chotil­lo­ma­nia is more com­mon among girls than among boys. And can remain even in adult­hood.

6. Traction alopecia

6. Traction alopecia

Hair loss occurs due to the fact that the hair is under pres­sure for a long time. For exam­ple, they are pulled into tight tails or pig­tails, which leads to thin­ning of the hair.

Did you know?

Sci­en­tists have cal­cu­lat­ed that wom­en’s hair grows faster than men’s.

7. Androgenetic alopecia

The sec­ond name for this pathol­o­gy is male pat­tern bald­ness. A per­son grad­u­al­ly los­es hair in cer­tain areas of the scalp, which then do not grow back. In some peo­ple, andro­ge­net­ic alope­cia starts as ear­ly as ado­les­cence. About 16% of young men aged 15–17 expe­ri­ence it.

8. Taking medicines

Some drugs that are used in oncol­o­gy, epilep­sy and oth­er dis­eases, as well as deriv­a­tive forms of vit­a­min A, which are often used in cos­met­ics, can cause hair loss as side effects.

9. Hair styling products

Styling prod­ucts can con­tain harsh sub­stances and be harm­ful to the hair and scalp, espe­cial­ly if they are left on for a long time. There­fore, you need to use only high-qual­i­ty cos­met­ics and be sure to wash it off before going to bed.

On a note!

The only area of ​​the hair that is not a dead struc­ture is the root. There­fore, if the hair falls out, stim­u­late the scalp.

10. Stress

10. Stress

Ner­vous shocks, stress lead to dis­rup­tion of the nor­mal hair growth cycle, due to which the phas­es are reduced, and the hair falls out faster.

11. Hormonal imbalance

Dur­ing puber­ty, a “bou­quet of hor­mones” caus­es seri­ous changes in the body of chil­dren. As a result, teenagers may tem­porar­i­ly lose their hair.

12. Hair experiments

Chem­i­cals present in hair dyes and curl straight­en­ing or curl­ing prod­ucts can cause aller­gic der­mati­tis of the scalp and oth­er adverse effects that con­tribute to thin­ning hair. It is known for cer­tain that the sub­stances para­phenylene­di­amine (on the label of the prod­uct may be des­ig­nat­ed PPD) and ammo­nia have such prop­er­ties.

On a note!

Accord­ing to sci­en­tists, peo­ple notice that their hair is thin­ning when they lose almost 50% of their hair.

13. Insufficient beauty care

Ignor­ing the needs of the hair, infre­quent or, on the con­trary, too fre­quent wash­ing of the head, refusal to use ther­mal pro­tec­tion when styling hair, and insuf­fi­cient mois­tur­iz­ing and nour­ish­ing the hair dur­ing the hot sea­son can pro­voke thin­ning of the hair.

14. Slimming

Accord­ing to experts Amer­i­can Acad­e­my of Der­ma­tol­ogy (AAD), weight loss can also trig­ger hair loss, even if the over­all weight loss has ben­e­fit­ed the teenag­er. But the hair will recov­er as soon as the stress of los­ing weight is over­come and the teenag­er begins to eat prop­er­ly and in a bal­anced way.

15. Taking anabolic steroids

15. Taking anabolic steroids

They can be abused by teenage boys, try­ing to build mus­cle mass as quick­ly as pos­si­ble. Hair loss should stop after the drugs are dis­con­tin­ued.

On a note!

To iden­ti­fy the cause of hair loss, the doc­tor may rec­om­mend that the patient do tests — a gen­er­al blood and urine test, an immuno­log­i­cal blood test, a blood test to deter­mine the lev­el of hor­mones. Tests are also tak­en to exclude the like­li­hood of foci of infec­tion.

How to prevent hair loss in teenagers

Doc­tor Rekha Singh, a der­ma­tol­o­gist, says that it is not easy to deal with hair loss in ado­les­cents, since not all drugs and pro­ce­dures can be pre­scribed to boys and girls due to age. There­fore, it is bet­ter to direct all efforts to the pre­ven­tion of thin­ning of the hair, exclud­ing the main provo­ca­teurs of the dete­ri­o­ra­tion of the hair con­di­tion.

For this you need:

  • Use a mild sham­poo and wash your hair reg­u­lar­ly to keep your scalp and curls clean. If dai­ly wash­ing is indis­pens­able, you should use the 10 best alter­na­tives to sham­poo.
  • Refuse to comb your hair imme­di­ate­ly after wash­ing, as wet hair is eas­i­ly dam­aged.
  • Apply prod­ucts that match the type of hair and scalp. And in case of doubt, seek advice from a der­ma­tol­o­gist.
  • Enrich your diet with plen­ty of pro­tein, fresh fruits and veg­eta­bles.
  • Avoid stress, eat right, and try to get at least 8 hours of sleep each night.
  • If your hair starts to fall out after tak­ing any drug or oral con­tra­cep­tives, dis­cuss the pos­si­bil­i­ty of replac­ing them or con­tin­u­ing to use them with your doc­tor.
  • Refuse tight hair­styles and com­plex styling. Wear loose hair more often. In the cold sea­son and in the heat, use hats appro­pri­ate to weath­er con­di­tions.
  • Avoid the use of hot ther­mal devices, as well as refuse col­or­ing until the cause of hair loss is clar­i­fied and the nec­es­sary treat­ment has been com­plet­ed.


By Yara