A child’s speech begins to devel­op even before birth. The child hears dif­fer­ent sounds (wind noise, ring­ing of a bell), but it is the speech that he has to mas­ter in order to com­mu­ni­cate, trans­mit infor­ma­tion. There­fore, par­ents should pay more atten­tion to com­mu­ni­cat­ing with chil­dren, read­ing books, using artis­tic words. The artis­tic and speech devel­op­ment of chil­dren is an inte­gral part of per­son­al­i­ty edu­ca­tion.


Artis­tic and speech activ­i­ty occurs in a child under the influ­ence of a lit­er­ary work. And it includes the per­cep­tion of works of lit­er­a­ture, the repro­duc­tion of the author’s text, inter­pre­ta­tion (that is, the repro­duc­tion of the text in one’s own way), the cre­ation of one’s own text based on what has been read.

The main tasks that adults face are the edu­ca­tion of love for the artis­tic word, the devel­op­ment and enrich­ment of speech, the devel­op­ment of the desire to inde­pen­dent­ly com­pose works (poems, rid­dles, fairy tales).

What does this activity include?

What does this activity include?

The child gets acquaint­ed with the sim­plest lit­er­ary terms, learns poems by heart, retells fairy tales. At the same time, there is a rapid devel­op­ment of fig­u­ra­tive and expres­sive speech.

Oral folk art is a source of moral and aes­thet­ic edu­ca­tion of chil­dren. The wis­dom that is present in fairy tales, jokes, nurs­ery rhymes, well-aimed words that are often found in these works teach the child to love their native lan­guage, expand their vocab­u­lary. It is folk­lore works that a child hears from ear­ly child­hood. Eas­i­ly mem­o­rizes short vers­es, rid­dles and jokes, repeats and mem­o­rizes words. And lat­er he will use them in his speech.

In addi­tion, rid­dles, fig­u­ra­tive proverbs are a use­ful exer­cise for the mind. Chil­dren love to solve rid­dles, guess what the proverbs are about. The lat­ter can be used in your speech in dif­fer­ent sit­u­a­tions. The child learns to under­stand where one or anoth­er proverb can be applied, and this enrich­es his speech. And chil­dren’s tongue twisters also teach you to clear­ly pro­nounce all the sounds.

When a child gets acquaint­ed with works of fic­tion, hears a fairy tale or a sto­ry, he not only com­pre­hends and learns to ana­lyze the behav­ior of the char­ac­ters in dif­fer­ent sit­u­a­tions, but also pays atten­tion to the orig­i­nal­i­ty of the lan­guage.

Poems play an impor­tant role in the devel­op­ment of chil­dren’s speech. The child eas­i­ly remem­bers rhymed lines, if he likes the text, he can recite it in the future. In addi­tion, the child’s speech is enriched with cer­tain expres­sions and words he remem­bers. Adults should high­light the rhythm and musi­cal­i­ty of poems.

A drama­ti­za­tion game is a great way to process and express your impres­sions and emo­tions, while the child learns to build a mono­logue and dia­logue cor­rect­ly, uses dif­fer­ent expres­sions from lit­er­a­ture and folk­lore. Chil­dren usu­al­ly love this form of play.

Thanks to artis­tic and speech devel­op­ment, the child can express his thoughts and feel­ings more vivid­ly, try his hand at cre­at­ing essays, poems (devel­ops cre­ative abil­i­ties), learns to love nature, his native land, the work of peo­ple.


By Yara