A child’s speech begins to develop even before birth. The child hears different sounds (wind noise, ringing of a bell), but it is the speech that he has to master in order to communicate, transmit information. Therefore, parents should pay more attention to communicating with children, reading books, using artistic words. The artistic and speech development of children is an integral part of personality education.
Artistic and speech activity occurs in a child under the influence of a literary work. And it includes the perception of works of literature, the reproduction of the author’s text, interpretation (that is, the reproduction of the text in one’s own way), the creation of one’s own text based on what has been read.
The main tasks that adults face are the education of love for the artistic word, the development and enrichment of speech, the development of the desire to independently compose works (poems, riddles, fairy tales).
What does this activity include?
The child gets acquainted with the simplest literary terms, learns poems by heart, retells fairy tales. At the same time, there is a rapid development of figurative and expressive speech.
Oral folk art is a source of moral and aesthetic education of children. The wisdom that is present in fairy tales, jokes, nursery rhymes, well-aimed words that are often found in these works teach the child to love their native language, expand their vocabulary. It is folklore works that a child hears from early childhood. Easily memorizes short verses, riddles and jokes, repeats and memorizes words. And later he will use them in his speech.
In addition, riddles, figurative proverbs are a useful exercise for the mind. Children love to solve riddles, guess what the proverbs are about. The latter can be used in your speech in different situations. The child learns to understand where one or another proverb can be applied, and this enriches his speech. And children’s tongue twisters also teach you to clearly pronounce all the sounds.
When a child gets acquainted with works of fiction, hears a fairy tale or a story, he not only comprehends and learns to analyze the behavior of the characters in different situations, but also pays attention to the originality of the language.
Poems play an important role in the development of children’s speech. The child easily remembers rhymed lines, if he likes the text, he can recite it in the future. In addition, the child’s speech is enriched with certain expressions and words he remembers. Adults should highlight the rhythm and musicality of poems.
A dramatization game is a great way to process and express your impressions and emotions, while the child learns to build a monologue and dialogue correctly, uses different expressions from literature and folklore. Children usually love this form of play.
Thanks to artistic and speech development, the child can express his thoughts and feelings more vividly, try his hand at creating essays, poems (develops creative abilities), learns to love nature, his native land, the work of people.