It’s no secret that modern parents overwhelmingly help their children with their homework. However, under the help everyone understands his own. Someone decides everything himself, giving the child only to rewrite what has been done, and someone organizes it correctly, motivates his child to successfully complete the task. How to do homework correctly, and how can parents help a student without harming him?
Pros and cons
In fact, there is no unity among parents in answering the question of whether it is necessary to help your child do homework. Someone will say that it is necessary. Another will answer that by solving the problems of knowledge for him, the child will not increase in the head. As usual, the truth lies somewhere in the middle.
The scientists, whose findings were published in the journal Psicothema, were looking for an answer to the question of whether parents should help their children with their homework. As a result, they found that students who were helped with their homework had lower academic performance. Family assistance does not ensure academic success of students, but how this assistance is provided, in what way and in what volume is of great importance.
Another study, the data of which was published in Revista medico-chirurgicale a Societatii de Medici si Naturalisti din Iasi, focused on studying the duration of homework preparation and breaks in it. So, it was found that half of the surveyed elementary school students do “homework” without a break, but the rest are interrupted by computer games and watching TV, which makes children even more tiring and is an unhygienic way to take breaks when doing homework.
From the foregoing, we can conclude that the main task of parents is to allow the child to work out the acquired knowledge in practice, but to create for him all the necessary conditions for this and make sure that the child is engaged in a useful thing for him, without being distracted by anything else.
All electronic gadgets must be removed from the child. So there will be no temptation to be distracted by a computer game or write off the correct answer to a given problem.
Many parents doubt whether it is necessary to give the child the opportunity to relax after school, or should they immediately put him for lessons upon returning home? Of course, if there are no adults at home, as is the case in families where both parents work, then the child rarely sits down for lessons on his own, waiting for mom and dad to come home from work. This is especially true for those children whose parents help with homework. If he knows that he can rely only on his own strength, he will be able to organize himself much faster, especially if the family has a method of encouragement and prohibitions. For example, he did not do his homework — he did not play computer games.
A parent can help with scheduling homework. The child must understand how often regular tasks need to be solved, which tasks have a higher priority, deadlines. When a student clearly sees what lessons he needs to do, this gives him confidence in his abilities.
It is necessary to explain that it is better to start doing homework with the most difficult subject and not to leave for later what can be done today. It makes sense to break up voluminous tasks into parts, but here parents need to make sure that the student completes a certain part every day.
Of course, there are times when you simply cannot do without the help of adults. If the child was first asked to do some kind of project on a computer, then you need to sit down with him and figure out the technical part, but he must work on filling it out himself. In the case of solving complex problems, push for an answer, but do not solve everything for him.
What helps children learn well? Motivation and faith in strength, encouragement and praise. This is what every parent can and should give to their child.
Should we Help our Children with Homework? A Meta-Analysis Using PISA Data / Fernández-Alonso R, Álvarez-Díaz M, García-Crespo FJ, et al // Psicothema - 2022
Homework particularities for small school children / Beiusanu C, Vlaicu B // Revista medico-chirurgicala a Societatii de Medici si Naturalisti din Iasi - 2013