Adults try new dish­es with ease and inter­est, but for an infant, with its imma­ture diges­tion, such ease is unac­cept­able. Dis­or­ders of the gas­troin­testi­nal tract, skin rash­es, rest­less sleep — these are the con­se­quences of an incor­rect tran­si­tion to a new mix­ture. How to change the baby’s diet with­out harm to his health?

How to tran­si­tion a baby from breast­feed­ing to for­mu­la

If the baby received breast milk after birth, the need for a mix­ture may arise in two cas­es: when you need to intro­duce sup­ple­men­tary feed­ing, that is, sup­ple­ment the main food, and when you need to com­plete­ly switch to arti­fi­cial feed­ing. In both cas­es, before the intro­duc­tion of the mix­ture, a doc­tor’s con­sul­ta­tion is nec­es­sary. The main rule when switch­ing to a mix­ture is grad­u­al­ness. When intro­duc­ing sup­ple­men­tary feed­ing, before giv­ing the mix­ture, the moth­er needs to attach the baby first to one, then to the oth­er breast, and only then add the mix­ture from a spoon or bot­tle. For the first time, the child can be giv­en no more than 1–2 tea­spoons of the mix­ture in the morn­ing and observe how the skin and diges­tive tract respond: whether there will be red­ness, rash­es, regur­gi­ta­tion, loose stools, con­sti­pa­tion or more than usu­al anx­i­ety. If every­thing is in order, the next day you can give twice as much mix­ture and so on — until the vol­ume rec­om­mend­ed by the doc­tor is reached. If unde­sir­able con­se­quences are man­i­fest­ed, it is impos­si­ble to increase the vol­ume of the mix­ture. With mod­er­ate symp­toms, you can again give 1–2 tea­spoons of the mix­ture the next day and beyond — and observe how the child’s body behaves. If the man­i­fes­ta­tions have dis­ap­peared — increase the vol­ume of the mix­ture accord­ing to the scheme, if they remain or even become more intense — con­sult a doc­tor. With a strong neg­a­tive reac­tion to the mix­ture, you should imme­di­ate­ly con­sult a pedi­a­tri­cian. Ide­al­ly, it is also nec­es­sary to trans­fer the baby com­plete­ly to arti­fi­cial feed­ing grad­u­al­ly — with­in one and a half to two weeks, and the longer the younger the child. First you need to sup­ple­ment with the mix­ture after the main feed­ing, start­ing with the same one or two tea­spoons of the mix­ture. Then com­plete­ly replace part of the feed­ings with a mix­ture suit­able for age and pur­pose. For exam­ple, for healthy chil­dren from 6 months to a year, Nutri­lak Pre­mi­um 2 is suit­able. It is impor­tant to con­sid­er that with a com­plete tran­si­tion to arti­fi­cial feed­ing, it is rec­om­mend­ed to estab­lish a strict feed­ing reg­i­men. The inter­vals between them will be 3–3.5 hours with a 6‑hour break for a night’s sleep, since it takes more time to digest the mix­ture, com­pared to breast milk.

How to trans­fer the child to anoth­er mix­ture?

There are dif­fer­ent schemes for trans­fer­ring to a new mix­ture, but in any it is rec­om­mend­ed to intro­duce it from a small vol­ume — 10 ml, or 2 tea­spoons — in the morn­ing. This helps to track pos­si­ble adverse reac­tions of the child’s body to a new prod­uct. If every­thing is in order, then fur­ther the vol­ume of the new mix­ture and the num­ber of feed­ings with it are increased, for exam­ple, in this way:

  • 2 days — 10 ml of a new mix­ture in 3 feed­ings,
  • 3 days — 20 ml in 3 feed­ings,
  • 4 days — 50 ml in 5 feed­ings,
  • Day 5 — 100 ml in 4 feed­ings,
  • Day 6 — 150 ml in 5 feed­ings
  • Day 7 — 180 ml in 5–6 feed­ings.

Impor­tant! You need to dilute the old and new mix­ture in dif­fer­ent bot­tles. After dilu­tion, you can mix for feed­ing in one bot­tle only mix­tures of the stan­dard line of one man­u­fac­tur­er, as well as a stan­dard and anti-reflux mix­ture of one man­u­fac­tur­er. Oth­er mix­tures, espe­cial­ly spe­cial­ized, med­i­c­i­nal, should not be mixed for feed­ing. It is strict­ly for­bid­den to mix stan­dard mix­tures with mix­tures based on hydrolysates, such as hypoal­ler­genic, amino acid, “com­fort” and oth­ers in one bot­tle.

Errors when trans­fer­ring to a new mix­ture

  • Abrupt tran­si­tion to a new mix­ture. An unpre­pared body will not have time to adapt to a new diet and may fail.
  • Fre­quent and unrea­son­able mix­ture changes. New food — stress for the baby’s diges­tion. With­out seri­ous health-relat­ed rea­sons, try­ing new mix­tures, no mat­ter how won­der­ful they may seem, is not worth it.
  • Trans­fer to the next age mix­ture from anoth­er man­u­fac­tur­er. The dif­fer­ence in com­po­nents in this case will be greater and adap­ta­tion may be more dif­fi­cult.
  • Refusal of a new mix­ture at the first sign of indi­ges­tion. Devi­a­tions may be tem­po­rary. If they do not seri­ous­ly affect the well-being of the baby, you need to inform the doc­tor about them, but still do not rush to can­cel. It is worth watch­ing for two or three days, whether the con­di­tion is nor­mal. The vol­ume of the mix­ture at this time is not increased.

When it is unde­sir­able to change the mix­ture

A new mix­ture is intro­duced when the baby is com­plete­ly healthy and calm. Any stress can make it dif­fi­cult to get used to a dif­fer­ent diet. Do not change the mix­ture if the child is sick, if he is teething, while trav­el­ing, before and after pre­ven­tive vac­ci­na­tions. Thus, trans­fer­ring the child to the mix­ture and chang­ing the mix­ture to anoth­er should be grad­ual and under the super­vi­sion of a doc­tor in order to avoid diges­tive prob­lems and aller­gic reac­tions.