Prickly heat is a fairly common phenomenon that occurs in newborns and often scares parents. But in fact, there is nothing wrong with this, and if measures are taken in a timely manner, you can easily get rid of red spots on the baby’s body.
Many call prickly heat in newborns a consequence of excessive maternal care and guardianship. But the way it is, because mom, trying to surround her baby with warmth in the truest sense of the word, accidentally overheats the child. As a result, red pimples and vesicles appear on the body of a newborn, which can and should be fought using not only methods of treatment, but also prevention.
Prickly heat and its types
Prickly heat is a lesion of the skin in a newborn, which most often occurs in children under one year old during a hot period of time. In other words, prickly heat in newborns develops as a result of overheating of the baby’s body, when its sweat glands begin to work especially actively, retaining sweat in the excretory ducts.
It is sweat that irritates delicate skin, which leads to the appearance of an inflammatory reaction on the baby’s body, which is expressed in red spots and vesicles containing a cloudy liquid. With accidental scratching, such bubbles begin to itch, which obviously does not give the baby pleasure.
Sweating in newborns is of two types:
The main cause of crystal prickly heat is considered to be blockage of the sweat glands, which occurs as a result of excessive sweating, for example, in febrile diseases. With such prickly heat, small bubbles appear on the baby’s skin, which are located close to each other and are filled with liquid. As a rule, this type of prickly heat does not cause discomfort to the baby and usually disappears within 2-3 after the manifestation.
Red prickly heat in newborns is an inflammatory process caused by excessive sweating. Such prickly heat develops with a feverish state or overheating and manifests itself in the form of a rash on the elbow and knee bends 1-4 mm in size. Red prickly heat usually lasts 2-2.5 weeks.
As a rule, prickly heat affects those parts of the body of the newborn that are most affected by sweat, such as the back, chest, folds of the arms and legs, neck, and armpits. It is in these places that you can see a rash of red spots.
In principle, no other symptoms of prickly heat in newborns are observed, but sometimes the baby may be bothered by itching, but the general condition of the body does not change.
Treatment of prickly heat in newborns involves the disinfection of inflamed skin. For this, frequent bathing procedures in water with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or chamomile decoction are recommended, which help to cope with irritated skin and soothe inflamed sweat glands. Also, for treatment, it may be recommended to wipe the child in problem areas with a napkin or a soft towel dipped in a soda solution.
Previously, ordinary powder was used to treat prickly heat after water procedures in the area of skin folds, but today doctors do not advise using this method, because the accumulation of some substances that are part of such a powder can further irritate the baby’s delicate skin.
From the point of view of prevention, in order to avoid the appearance of prickly heat, it is recommended that newborns bathe often and choose light clothing for them if possible, do not wrap up and do not overheat. In the summer, bathing should be frequent, especially since such a procedure gives children pleasure. After bathing, be sure to thoroughly blot the baby’s skin with a dry and clean towel.
By the way, air baths are also a prevention of prickly heat, for example, for newborns their time should be about 5-10 minutes, but for older children already from 10-20 minutes or more, depending on the temperature in the room.
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