Before the start of each school year, schoolchildren and their parents are most concerned about the question of how much rest they will have during the school period. In our material, we have collected for you all the information about the school vacation planning scheme with approximate dates, so that you can start planning family trips and other events based on this data.
General rules for planning school holidays
Regardless of the type of secondary educational institution, all schools in Russia adhere to the general rules for organizing vacations.
School holidays should always start on Monday.
Holidays must be at least 7 calendar days.
The amount of vacation days in a year must be at least 30 calendar days. This calculation does not include summer holidays that last at least 2 full months. Practices and final exams are allowed in June.
Schools are prohibited from postponing vacations more than 2 weeks ahead or back from those recommended by the Russian Ministry of Education. If the transfer is planned within a two-week window, then all participants in the educational process (schoolchildren, parents, teachers) must be notified in advance.
At the same time, schools have personal autonomy and can determine the dates of their holidays independently, depending on the curriculum of the institution.
Why can holidays be held at different times in different schools?
In Russia, schools are allowed to work on two different systems — semester and trimester. Schools can choose which system they work on, and vacation dates depend on this.
The semester system is a classic approach to the distribution of the academic year known to us since the days of the Soviet Union. With the semester system, the academic segment is called a quarter. Accordingly, 4 quarters pass in a year. Such a system is called semester because, for the convenience of reporting, quarters are combined into semesters.
Quarters in schools last a different number of days, so the holidays do not come at the same interval. For example, the second and fourth quarters are considered the shortest and last 7 weeks, while the third lasts as much as 11 weeks.
Most educational institutions in our country, according to the classics, prefer the semester system.
The trimester system of schooling came to Russia relatively recently, but has already managed to win the love of many progressive schools. In the trimester system, the year is divided into three equal parts. One trimester is two modules of 5 weeks each, between which holidays are laid.
From the point of view of the distribution of study time, the trimester system seems to be more convenient for schoolchildren, since vacations always come at regular intervals. The quarters in this regard are not so thought out, because after one long quarter the child may be very exhausted, and after a short one he may still not want to go on vacation.
The photo below shows educational calendars for schools.
Calendar for the semester education system:
Calendar for the trimester training system:
Approximate dates for autumn holidays
Regardless of which system the school operates under, the school year in 2021 will begin on September 1.
For those who study under the semester scheme, the first quarter will last 8 full weeks of autumn. After that, the autumn holidays will be held approximately from 25 to 31 October.
In schools with trimesters, the first trimester of autumn will be divided into two modules, respectively, children will have two autumn holidays. The first will be held from 4 to 10 October, and the second — from 15 to 21 November.
Approximate dates for winter holidays
Winter holidays for schoolchildren are traditionally the longest (besides summer holidays), since they coincide with the New Year holidays.
For schools with a semester system, they will begin on December 27 after the second term, which will last only eight weeks. Winter holidays will last 14 calendar days and end on January 9, 2022.
Many schools after the classic winter break have an additional February break for first graders and elementary school students. They are held in mid-February from the 7th to the 13th. Such holidays in February are made so that the longest third quarter is easier for first-graders. In addition, February is traditionally considered the period of the spread of infectious diseases (SARS and influenza), so additional holidays help reduce the percentage of schoolchildren morbidity.
In schools with a trimester system of education, the dates of the winter holidays coincide with the dates of schools that study in quarters, since this is the time of the winter holidays and the dates are unified for the whole country. In February 2022, all schoolchildren of the trimester system will have a second winter vacation from February 14 to February 20.
Estimated dates for spring break
Before the spring break at school, all children will have two festive periods, timed to coincide with the holidays on February 23 and March 8 (from March 5 to 8). Schools with a semester system will go on vacation from 21 to 27 March.
Schools with a trimester system of education will go on vacation from 4 to 10 April. For children, this will be the final school holidays before the summer.
Approximate summer vacation dates
In all Russian schools, the academic year ends on the same day. In the 2021–2022 academic year, it will be May 25th. After that, schoolchildren go on summer holidays, which will last until September 1.
It is important to note that in some schools for children there is a summer practice, which postpones the summer holidays by 1–2 weeks. But it is not necessary to attend the practice, and if your family has plans for the first weeks of June, then you can refuse to attend school during this period.
A little later, the summer holidays will begin for schoolchildren of the final grades (9th and 11th), because after the last bell they are still waiting for final exams. Exam dates are determined individually by each school.
Read even more useful information on how to prepare for school in our blog, for example, check out the article “How to choose a backpack for a teenager to school.”