When a child turns 6 years old, and he knows how to count and read well, par­ents ask them­selves: “Isn’t it time to send him to school?”. But psy­chol­o­gists advise not to rush. There are many fac­tors that deter­mine the readi­ness of chil­dren to learn. When is the best time to send your child to school?

The first time in first class

The first time in first class

The most impor­tant thing that par­ents of future first graders should be aware of is that you are not com­pet­ing with any­one. No need to go for­ward under the mot­to “Faster, high­er, stronger!”

The fur­ther life of the child depends on the start of train­ing — how he will learn and inter­act with peers and teach­ers, how organ­i­cal­ly he can fit into the team.

Myths about ear­ly devel­op­ment have giv­en rise to the erro­neous belief that one must chase unat­tain­able ideals. But much more impor­tant is to keep the child moti­vat­ed, the desire to learn and com­pre­hend sci­ence. And this is pos­si­ble only under one con­di­tion — when the child is ready for school. But how to deter­mine whether it is already ready or you need to wait a bit?

Definition of school readiness

There are chil­dren who are ready for school as ear­ly as 6 years old, oth­ers at 7, and still oth­ers at full 8. How do you know if your par­tic­u­lar child can study? It turns out that the abil­i­ty to count and write is by no means the most impor­tant indi­ca­tors.

Psy­chophys­i­o­log­i­cal readi­ness. Psy­chol­o­gists are sure that at the age of 5–6 years, all learn­ing skills in a child are formed only in the process of play­ing activ­i­ties. This is because mem­o­ry and atten­tion in babies are invol­un­tary. And for the suc­cess­ful edu­ca­tion of a child at school, it is vol­un­tary atten­tion that is very impor­tant — that is, that which is achieved with the help of voli­tion­al effort.

If a child can hold atten­tion even in a not very inter­est­ing les­son and at the same time arbi­trar­i­ly mem­o­rize a small amount of infor­ma­tion, these are undoubt­ed advan­tages in favor of the first class. If not, it might be bet­ter to wait.

Moti­va­tion­al readi­ness. By this term, teach­ers under­stand the child’s inter­est in learn­ing and the desire to learn some­thing new. Chil­dren aged 6–6.5 may want to go to school, but this may be due to attrac­tive exter­nal para­pher­na­lia — the desire to car­ry a brief­case and a school uni­form or attend a new school build­ing, rather than an old kinder­garten. Learn­ing moti­va­tion at this age is an infre­quent phe­nom­e­non. But at an old­er age, it can be formed.

social matu­ri­ty. The adap­ta­tion of the child in the school and the team depends on it. To under­stand whether a child has social matu­ri­ty, you need to look at whether he can com­mu­ni­cate with peers and adults, build pos­i­tive rela­tion­ships, defend his point of view and when to com­pro­mise. How he reacts to con­flict sit­u­a­tions, whether he can get out of them with­out loss.

An important point is the desire of the child

At what­ev­er age the child is in school, learn­ing in it will be stress­ful for him. A new unfa­mil­iar team (if not the entire kinder­garten group goes to school), there is no play activ­i­ty, a strict dai­ly rou­tine, uni­form require­ments for teach­ers.

The suc­cess of adap­ta­tion large­ly depends on whether the child him­self want­ed to go to school. But anoth­er impor­tant point is what kind of rela­tion­ship he has with his first teacher. Chil­dren and their par­ents often have the oppor­tu­ni­ty to get to know him at prepara­to­ry cours­es. If these rela­tion­ships are pos­i­tive, there are no fears and rejec­tion, and the child him­self is ready to learn, you can plan school­ing.