Almost every parent is familiar with the situation when their calm baby begins to cry inconsolably and piercingly, arching, bending his legs and pressing them to his tummy. The main symptom of such crying is colic in a newborn baby.
What is colic, what could be the causes and how to help the baby, we will describe below.
Most often, colic begins in babies at the age of two to six weeks, and goes away on its own by about three months. Such attacks mainly occur in the evening, during the feeding of the baby or after. Children who do not grasp the nipple correctly and suck milk greedily are at high risk of intestinal colic. While eating, the baby swallows air, which enters the intestines, as a result of which it turns into gas bubbles, which cause colic.
The causes of discomfort in the baby may be different.
Improper nutrition of a nursing mother
Limit foods that cause bloating and fermentation in the intestines, refuse milk and sour-milk products for several weeks, see if colic in babies becomes less frequent. Add vegetables, fruits, berries, meat, fish, olive oil to your diet.
Incorrectly selected milk formula
If your baby has an intolerance to cow’s milk protein, you should change the cow’s milk formula to an adapted goat’s milk formula. In any case, consult your pediatrician and choose the mixture together. Most manufacturers of infant formula have a special line that allows you to get rid of colic.
There are many proven methods to help a child with colic.
Contact with mother
Lightly swaddle the baby, the wrapping will remind the baby of the sensations that he experienced in your tummy. Take it in your arms, hold it to you, walk around the room, rock the baby. Close contact with the mother helps the child to relax and fall asleep.
Warm the baby’s tummy with a warm diaper for 2-3 minutes, gently stroke his tummy clockwise, bend the legs. Pleasant mother’s touch will help to relax the baby and eliminate colic. To prevent colic in the baby, lay it on the tummy more often before feeding. This stimulates peristalsis, strengthens the anterior abdominal wall and reduces the risk of colic.
Fennel fruit can be used to treat colicky pain in infants. Dill water has an antispasmodic effect, after applying the water, improvement occurs, the baby calms down, crying attacks become less frequent. Be sure to consult your pediatrician before use.
Attach the baby to the breast correctly
After each feeding, the baby must be held in an upright position, stroking the back. This will prevent air from entering the digestive system and will not lead to colic. Let the baby burp during and after each feeding. If you are in doubt about the correct attachment of your baby, ask your doctor to check that you are feeding your baby correctly.
Incorrect bottle feeding.
If your baby is formula-fed, purchase an anti-colic bottle to prevent your baby from swallowing excess air.
It can also help when a large amount of gas has accumulated in the baby’s intestines that cannot come out due to spasm. You should not use a tube with every bloating of the tummy and difficult passage of gases in the baby. Give your child half an hour to solve the problem on their own. Use the methods we described above. If nothing helped the baby, then you can resort to using a gas outlet tube.