It is unlike­ly that any­one will agree that a mod­ern per­son does not need a good mem­o­ry and a rich imag­i­na­tion. But what if we devel­op them pur­pose­ful­ly, start­ing from child­hood? It turns out that teach­ers have long devel­oped such meth­ods, and they all bear the sonorous name of “eidet­ic”.

What is “eidet­ic” and “eide­tism”

Eide­tism is a spe­cial kind of human mem­o­ry, which is based on remem­ber­ing details through visu­al images and impres­sions. Accord­ing­ly, eidet­ics is a whole teach­ing tech­nique with which you can devel­op fan­ta­sy and visu­al mem­o­ry.

The essence of eide­tism is already in its name, since the word “eidos” is trans­lat­ed from Greek as “image”.

Why do we need eidet­ics: the advan­tages of the tech­nique

Eidet­ics began to take shape in Ger­many in the 1920s-1940s. At the same time, researchers from Mel­bourne began to con­duct exper­i­ments to find out what per­cent­age of chil­dren from 8 to 15 years old and adults have a good visu­al mem­o­ry. The results were sur­pris­ing: 40% of chil­dren are excel­lent eidet­ics, while among adults they are only 7%. Many years lat­er, the study was repeat­ed and showed that the per­cent­age of eidet­ic chil­dren decreased sig­nif­i­cant­ly.

What does it mean? It turns out that the dom­i­nance of mass cul­ture and the vari­ety of vivid visu­al infor­ma­tion have a neg­a­tive effect on visu­al mem­o­ry and imag­i­na­tion. If ear­li­er chil­dren had to fan­ta­size while read­ing a fairy tale, now there is no need for this: you can just watch a car­toon on a tablet.

And indeed: there is more infor­ma­tion, so the inter­est of chil­dren in new knowl­edge has decreased. At school, this leads to end­less cram­ming, apa­thy, unwill­ing­ness to learn, prob­lems with aca­d­e­m­ic per­for­mance, per­form­ing cre­ative tasks, mem­o­riz­ing poems. In every­day life — to the inabil­i­ty to remem­ber emer­gency num­bers and par­ents, their own address.

Eidet­ic tech­niques are designed specif­i­cal­ly to help the child learn to repro­duce infor­ma­tion using visu­al images and their own imag­i­na­tion.

So, reg­u­lar­ly per­form­ing eidet­ic exer­cis­es, the child will be able to:

  • mem­o­rize poems or small prose texts with­out hes­i­ta­tion and dif­fi­cul­ties;
  • mem­o­rize and repro­duce dance move­ments in the desired sequence;
  • mem­o­rize num­bers, num­bers, for­mu­las;
  • cre­ative approach to essays, accu­rate­ly repro­duc­ing the details of read works, paint­ings, pho­tographs;
  • invent your own fairy tales, poems, sto­ries using asso­cia­tive rows of words or images;
  • con­cen­trate atten­tion;
  • enrich vocab­u­lary.

Tech­niques and sim­ple options for eidet­ic exer­cis­es

Despite com­pli­cat­ed names, eidet­ic tech­niques are easy to use. That is why it is impor­tant to use them not only for teach­ers, edu­ca­tors, but also for par­ents. Reg­u­lar recourse to var­i­ous exer­cis­es will help moms and dads sig­nif­i­cant­ly devel­op imag­i­na­tive think­ing, speech, imag­i­na­tion, visu­al mem­o­ry of their chil­dren.

Visu­al ren­der­ing. The essence of the method is that the con­tour of a fig­ure, sym­bol or sign must be sup­ple­ment­ed with details and turned into some kind of object. For exam­ple, you can draw the num­ber 8 on a piece of paper and invite the child to draw details for it so that it turns out an ani­mal or thing (glass­es, a snake). This tech­nique is espe­cial­ly good for mem­o­riz­ing num­bers and the alpha­bet.
men­tal draw­ing. The essence of tech­nol­o­gy is to build a fan­ta­sy real­i­ty. For exam­ple, when mem­o­riz­ing the poem “Win­ter Morn­ing”, you can invite the child to describe the weath­er out­side the win­dow, the sit­u­a­tion in the house, smells and sounds. The tech­nique is per­fect for mem­o­riz­ing poems and texts.
Acrover­bal tech­nique. She is espe­cial­ly loved by kids, because her essence is to invent or mem­o­rize exist­ing short rhymes that help to remem­ber some infor­ma­tion. For exam­ple, in school prac­tice, a rhyme helps to remem­ber spelling:

“Either”, “some­thing”, “that”, “some­thing“
got­ta pull it off!

Many par­ents prob­a­bly remem­ber that the hosts of the pop­u­lar Baby Mon­i­tor edu­ca­tion­al pro­gram used this method. She appeared on All-Union Radio in the 1970s and 1980s under the guid­ance of the “radio wiz­ard” Niko­lai Vladimirovich Litvi­nov, and her “edu­ca­tion­al” poems and songs were uni­ver­sal­ly loved even by school teach­ers.

Mnemon­ics. This tech­nique is designed to facil­i­tate mem­o­riza­tion through asso­ci­a­tions. For exam­ple, to remem­ber the order of cas­es at school, the phrase “Ivan gave birth to a girl, ordered to drag a dia­per” is often used, where each ini­tial let­ter of the word repeats the first let­ter of the case name.
Chain tech­nol­o­gy. Its essence is that, with the help of asso­ci­a­tions, the child can con­nect sev­er­al objects. You can offer to make a short sto­ry of 10–12 com­plete­ly dif­fer­ent words. This tech­nique per­fect­ly devel­ops imag­i­na­tion, log­ic and expands the vocab­u­lary.

In the eidet­ic sys­tem, you can find many oth­er diverse prin­ci­ples and tech­niques that have a ben­e­fi­cial effect on the devel­op­ment of visu­al mem­o­ry and cre­ativ­i­ty.

We have pre­vi­ous­ly writ­ten about the intri­ca­cies of men­tal arith­metic and the pros and cons of ear­ly child­hood devel­op­ment.